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免費學英文 >> 節日英語 >> 有聽過猶太教的光明節嗎?
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有聽過猶太教的光明節嗎?

8天的光明節慶祝期間,根據希伯來日曆從基色婁月的第25天,公曆上是從11月末到12月末算起。


The festival is observed by the kindling of the lights of a unique candelabrum, the nine-branched Menorah or Hanukkah, one additional light on each night of the holiday, progressing to eight on the final night. The typical Menorah consists of eight branches with an additional raised branch. The extra light is called a “Shamash” and is given a distinct location, usually above or below the rest. The purpose of the “Shamash” is to have a light available for use, as using the Hanukkah lights themselves is forbidden.

Typically three blessings are recited during this eight-day festival. On the first night of Hanukkah, Jews recite all three blessings; on all subsequent nights, they recite only the first two. The blessings are said before or after the candles are lit depending on tradition. On the first night of Hanukkah one light is lit on the right side of the Menorah, on the following night a second light is placed to the left of the first candle and so on, proceeding from right to left over the eight nights. On each night, the leftmost candle is lit first, and lighting proceeds from left to right.

There is a custom of eating foods fried or baked in oil (preferably olive oil), as the original miracle of the Hanukkah menorah involved the discovery of a small flask of pure olive oil used by the Jewish High Priest. This small batch of olive oil was only supposed to last one day, and instead it lasted eight. There is also a tradition of eating cheese products on Hanukkah.

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